(Commonly known as Rua do Ouro)
It belongs to the parish of São Nicolau, begins in the Commerce Square in number 11 and finishes in the Place of D. Pedro IV (Rossio).
This street connects the Commerce Square (Terreiro do Paço), to the Place of D. Pedro IV (common Rossio). It is one of the most beautiful lanes of the civil architecture of Pombal, stolen in part from the Tagus River, and its buildings are built on wood stakes preserved by the flow of the river that floods the subsoil.
The Rua do Ouro is a noble street and always the buzz of samplings of what the best and worst the city produces.
As we know it today is the fruit of Lisbon after the earthquake; part of its route, however, already existed in the XV century with the name of RUA DOS OURIVES DO OURO, and was opened on an old stele of the Tagus already reduced to the filthy caneiro and which D. João II partially ordered to cover.
After the earthquake, the street was torn and integrated into the symmetrical whole that we call the Baixa Pombalina. In a decree of 1760, it was determined that the Rua would house the goldsmiths of the city and that the stores that were left were delivered to watchmakers and volanteiros.
Rua do Ouro has always been a place of commercial movement and city life.
But not only goldsmiths lived the Rua do Ouro. From the announcements of the GAZETA DE LISBOA of that time, we know that booksellers, pasture houses, inns and others, have honored the busy artery. In the old number 119 belonging to the Congregation of the Holy Spirit announces the inauguration of a new pasture house of Narciso Fernandes that in addition to daily meals ... «anyone who wants to buy a chicken room or something in the house, for a little thing that is for an arrangement in his house, it shall also be sold there. "
We have already talked about commerce, we can not forget the financial history of the city that passes largely on this street. The "GOLD" has always been the endorsement of money; So let us not be astonished at this union.
In Rua do Ouro, there are places where money is, in fact, the real spring, in the preference always manifested by this street.